Before you change course or speed you need to know what is happening in front, to the sides and behind you; mirror checks at these points are essential.
At all times know what is going on all around you, and let other road users know what you intend to do. Taking, using and giving this information is essential before you change speed or direction.
Mirrors are one of the keys to defensive driving. Always use them to keep up to date with what’s behind and to the sides of your vehicle.
Recognise where other people’s blind areas will be and avoid remaining in them longer than necessary.
If the vehicle behind is too close, slow down gradually to increase your distance from the vehicle ahead so that you can avoid having to brake suddenly.
Try to avoid the emergency arising
• Look well ahead
• Look out for pedestrians
• Always drive at such a speed that you can stop safely
• If vision in the distance no clear, slow down
• Brake in good time, if necessary lightly press the brake pedal early or more than once to show your brake lights to following traffic
Never accelerate when someone is overtaking you. Be prepared to ease off if necessary to help them pass you. Don’t block vehicles travelling faster than you who may want to overtake, even if they are breaking the speed limit.
Always be on the lookout for other vehicles creating dangerous situations.
• A vehicle overtaking too close to a bend
• A vehicle approaching a bed too fast
• Oncoming vehicles skidding in bad weather
• A vehicle waiting to turn into a concealed entrance
Try and get eye contact with the driver of the approaching vehicle to determine which course is best. Your speed should allow you to stop if the other driver cuts across your path.
Always keep an eye on the vehicle in front as you’re about to enter the roundabout.
Don’t assume the driver won’t have to stop while you’re still looking to the right. Many rear end collisions happen this way. Make sure the vehicle has actually moved away.
Learn more driving skills from our driving lessons.